Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland, England, located on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth in the lowlands of central Scotland. It covers an area of 260 square kilometers. Founded in 1329, it was the capital of Scotland from 1437 to 1707. The paper and printing and publishing industries have a long history, and shipbuilding, chemicals, nuclear energy, electronics, cables, glass and food industries are also important. With the development of the North Sea oil fields, a series of related industries and services were established. Important transportation hub, airport.
Edinburgh had been the capital of Scotland since the 15th century, but in 1603 and 1707 political power moved south to London. Autonomy for the Scottish Parliament was only established in 1999. Important cultural institutions such as the National Museum of Scotland, the National Library of Scotland and the National Galleries of Scotland are also located in Edinburgh. Economically, Edinburgh is now mainly dependent on the financial industry, and is the largest financial center in the UK outside of London.
Edinburgh has a long history and many of its historic buildings are well preserved. Edinburgh Castle, Holyroodhouse, St. Giles Cathedral and other attractions are located here. Edinburgh's Old Town and New Town are listed as World Heritage Sites by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation. In 2004 Edinburgh became the world's first city of literature. Edinburgh's education is also very developed, the University of Edinburgh, one of the oldest universities in the UK, is located here, and is still the world's top university. According to the 2023 QS data , the University of Edinburgh ranks 15th in the world, ranking first in Scotland and fifth in the United Kingdom. Together with cultural events such as the Edinburgh International Festival, Edinburgh is the second most visited city after London.
Situated on the east coast of Scotland at the mouth of the sea, perched on a long stretch of volcanic ash and rocky cliffs, Edinburgh has a privileged location compared to most European cities, being the centre of the southern Lowlands and the capital of Scotland, full of unique Scottish charm, and is today the seventh largest city in the United Kingdom. A local genius writer praised, "There is no place more fitting to be called the premier of the kingdom; The city centre is divided into two parts: the Old Town, dominated by the world famous castle and surrounded by elegant cobblestone corridors that link Scotland's past and present. The New town is elegant and brilliant Georgian design.
The city is close to England and has historically fought against threats from England. Many patriots still do not want Scotland to join the United Kingdom, and still want to restore self-government. They respect the spirit of self-sufficiency and have a strong sense of self-reliance.
In addition, Edinburgh is not only a political center, but also a cultural center. The famous Edinburgh International Festival often attracts first-class artistic groups from all over the world to put on wonderful performances here.
Although Edinburgh is not as big as London, it has a unique culture and history, and an intelligent eye for appreciating other cultures. This little city has the power to hold up all of Scotland.
In Edinburgh, the city centre and other major attractions are within walking distance. We took this small, small city and transformed it a little bit, thinking of it as a shield. We will have a better understanding and closeness to Edinburgh, which adheres to the Scottish tradition.
The main road extending vertically in the middle is the street represented by North Bridge Road. It is intersected almost vertically by the Royal Mile from Edinburgh Castle to the Palace of the Holy Cross. These two main lines divide Edinburgh roughly into four zones. District 1 is the northwest area, the bustling downtown area, and District 2 is the southwest area, where universities, residential areas and entertainment facilities such as theaters are concentrated.